Croissant – the true story of this famous delicacies –

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The Croissant is a French word which means Crescent (Moon), is an adaptation to the Austrian Kipferl (Half Moon in English). The kipferl is a classic Austrian Viennoiseries ( confectionery prepared with puff pastry).

croissant

croissant


kipferl

Austrian kipferl

The Legends says that the typical form is related to the Vienna’s battle in 1683: after a long siege of the city by the Ottoman army, great visor Mustafa Pasha attempted the last action to penetrate through the city walls. The army was ordered to dig the tunnels beneath the walls. Only the workers in Viennese furnaces awake cause cooking bread during the night, they heard the noise of the excavations and they gave the alarm. Thus, when the Christian Coalition defeated the Turks, John III of Poland, according to the legend, would have asked the bakers to invent a cake that celebrated the victory. Said-done: Peter Wendler, a Viennese baker, was inspired by the Turkish flag (with the crescent Moon) and created the kipferl, as if to exorcise the enemy: eat the crescent, the kipferl, meant to “eat” the defeated opponent.

The truth is that in 1839, an Australian artillery officer founded a Viennese pastry in Paris. August Zang, this is the name of the owner of the Boulangerie Viennoise, inspired many colleagues who gave birth to the French croissant as we know it.
Zang was also the founder of the news paper called “Die Presse”.

Boulangerie Viennoise

Boulangerie Viennoise

The modern recipe includes flour, butter, eggs, water and sugar, sometimes with the addition of egg yolk spread over the surface. Empty or stuffed (based on jam, cream, chocolate, hazelnut or honey cream. In some versions it is even salty), the croissant is one of the most famous delicacies in the world.

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